Bonding and Attachment: Children who have limited to no vision


This article focuses on bonding and attachment with children who have limited to no vision or hearing.  As we know bonding and attachment for all children is imperative for life long development for all areas of life.  This article states “The literature estimates that 75% of most people’s learning comes through vision”.  What does this mean for children who have limited to no vision or hearing?  This means that the child’s caregiver cannot focus on the child’s facial xpression but the caregiver needs to focus on the child’s body language, especially at their hands.  This will help to produce “excitement, exploration, and anticipation, and they were richly rewarded by discovering the babies were, in fact, expressing a wide range of feelings and interests, and emotions that were not evident on the children’s faces”.

The research shows that the children who are limited vision or no vision and are not given the opportunity to learn object permanence (object permanence is the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be observed) will “lag behind in language development.  Another lag will happen too, if the child who is blind is not helped to achieve object permanence. This child may be slow to develop mobility and may therefore have additional cognitive and communicative delays”.

**Another article that addresses this topic:


Ashben is two years old and was born in Eastern Europe with ROP – Stage 5 (he has significant vision loss), hydrocephaly which was shunted, congenital cardiac malformation which was addressed, and delays partially due to his vision loss.

To find out more about adopting internationally or to know more about Ashben or other children who have limited to no vision, please contact Amanda Morton @

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